Unveiling MCA’s Game-Changer Navigating Transparency and Inclusivity Through Unified Regulatory Policies

[By Ananta Chopra]

The author is a student of University School of Law and Legal Studies, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University.



With effect from 1 January 2024, Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) and other regulatory bodies under it, such as, the Competition Commission of India(CCI) and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India are following a uniform policy of seeking public comments before finalising any regulation or legislation. Public consultations are intended to be conducted as a part of the policy during both the original rule-making and review phases. 

Need for Uniform Policy 

Currently, different regulators (SEBI, IBBI, CCI, etc.) have different procedures when it comes to public engagement before establishing regulations. Therefore, in order to increase openness and stakeholder involvement, it has been observed that a policy for public consultation in rule-making exercises is essential. By adopting a unified approach, this change enhances openness, fosters stakeholder engagement, and ensures a standardised framework for public comments. This not only promotes fairness but also facilitates more inclusive and informed decision-making, aligning regulatory practices and promoting a cohesive and accountable regulatory environment. 

Pre-Legislative Consultation for New Rules and Regulations 

The policy’s Part A highlights the Ministry’s methodology, which involves drafting primary regulations and revisions, while also emphasizing transparency and public engagement in the regulatory process. An explanation note is required to accompany these regulations and revisions, outlining the problem addressed, current regulations, tactics for implementation, and the procedure for gathering public input. These versions will be made available for public review and feedback for at least thirty days on the Ministry’s website, ensuring that stakeholders have ample opportunity to provide input and suggestions. The Ministry’s divisions may decide to abbreviate this period in urgent situations or skip it altogether. In addition, the policy requires public feedback to follow a systematic framework, which encourages thorough, clause-by-clause responses. The broader public is not the only audience for this inclusive strategy; it provides a thorough consultation process by involving field offices, outside specialists, and certain stakeholder groups. 

Additionally, unless the circulars are merely clarifications or informative, the Ministry intends to include the public in discussions about fee relaxations or compliance. Remarkably, the policy suggests disclosing answers to public feedback to guarantee openness in the process by which public opinion influences final regulations. 

Including Regulators in the Process of Consultation 

Pre-legislative consultations are a requirement for regulators operating under the Ministry’s purview. This entails making major rules and revisions available to the public for at least 30 days, unless there is an urgent need to do otherwise. According to the policy, prospective regulations must be accompanied by an explanatory note that addresses comparable topics to those of rules. Regulators are urged to ask the public for input on any changes they make, no matter how little, or on interim measures like fee reductions. Additionally, they might release their answers to queries from the public, reflecting the Ministry’s dedication to openness. 

Comprehensive Review of Existing Rules and Regulations 

Part B outlines a policy for thorough review of existing rules and regulations. This is critical for ensuring that laws remain relevant and effective in a rapidly changing economic environment. The Ministry and the regulators are tasked with evaluating each rule and regulation against a set of criteria, including their objectives, implementation experiences, current relevance, and overall regulatory practices. Public consultation, as detailed in Part A, plays a vital role in this review process. Feedback from stakeholders, experts, and field officers will be integral. Even forms attached to the rules and regulations are subject to review, aiming to reduce compliance burdens. 

Timeline and Execution 

The goal of this thorough review process is, to start on 1 January 2024and finish it in time for the 2024–2025 fiscal year. The effort taken by the Ministry is a positive step in the direction of democratising the rule-making and regulating process. The policy guarantees that the legal framework is fashioned not only by a top-down approach but also by the experiences, needs, and insights of people who will be most affected by it by actively involving the public and other stakeholders. Including a variety of stakeholders guarantees that a wide range of viewpoints are taken into account, including that of subject matter specialists and specialised interest groups. By addressing any blind spots that might not be apparent in a more closed regulatory process, this diversity of opinion can result in more thorough and balanced regulations. 

Furthermore, the dedication to re-examining and even revising current laws and guidelines guarantees that the legal system remains  relevant and efficient in the face of changing social, technological, and economic environments. In a world that is changing quickly, this dynamic approach to policy-making is crucial. 

Impact of Policy on Stakeholders 

  1. Increased Inclusivity and Transparency: By giving stakeholders a uniform framework for participation, a unified approach guarantees transparency. This encourages inclusivity by allowing a range of viewpoints to be taken into account during the decision-making process, which advances a more democratic and equitable regulatory environment. 
  2. Streamlined Compliance and Lessened Burdens: Outdated or onerous requirements are found by thoroughly reviewing all current rules and regulations, along with any paperwork that may be attached. Stakeholders gain from this as it streamlines compliance procedures and lessens needless regulatory obligations. 
  3. Openness and Accountability: Encouraging public comment and requiring regulators to publish their answers to it improves transparency and accountability. The policy emphasises a dedication to transparency in the regulatory process, making sure interested parties understand how their feedback affects the final regulations. The development of trust between stakeholders and regulators is facilitated by this accountability. 
  4. Compliance Difficulties: Despite the thorough examination of current regulations being meant to guarantee their applicability and efficacy, stakeholders could find it difficult to adjust to any modifications. The neutral effect results from the possibility that the review process will require modifications to compliance protocols, resulting in a transitional time for impacted parties. 
  5. Time and Resource Allocation: The policy stipulates a 30-day public review process. Although this length of time is meant to allow for in-depth discussions, stakeholders may see it as a possible limitation. The neutral effect comes from striking a balance between making sure that a thorough consultation process is followed and the amount of time and resources that stakeholders must commit to giving insightful feedback. 


The Ministry’s adoption of a single public consultation strategy marks a significant change in the direction of encouraging transparency and stakeholder involvement in regulatory processes. This program promotes diversity while streamlining compliance procedures and increasing responsibility. A balanced approach is ensured by the policy’s dedication to transparency and thorough assessment, even when first adjustments may provide difficulties for stakeholders. In general, the strategy is expected to yield benefits for both regulators and stakeholders, signifying a noteworthy advancement towards a regulatory environment that is more democratic and responsible. 

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